Type 2 diabetes

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Type 2 diabetes is associated with what is known as insulin resistance. People with type 2 diabetes produce plenty of insulin; however they do not respond to the insulin in a normal fashion. Due to this, Type 2 diabetes is referred to as noninsulin dependent diabetes or adult onset diabetes. Type 2 diabetes affects people mainly over the age of 40 and is the most common type of diabetes.

In the United States, 16-18 million people have type 2 diabetes. Doctors agree that genetic factors cause type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetics are insulin resistant first, then a poor diet, inactivity, aging, and obesity are what trigger the disease.

Insulin and Type 2 diabetes

People who have type 2 diabetes will usually have high levels of insulin in their body compared to people without insulin resistance. In addition, insulin injections will not affect their blood glucose levels like it will for someone with type 1 diabetes. When your body requires additional insulin to maintain normal blood glucose levels, you are said to have impaired glucose tolerance. Impaired glucose tolerance combined with obesity and inactivity leads to type 2 diabetes.

Signs and Symptoms of Type 2 diabetes

Many of the same signs and symptoms common with type 1 diabetes are shared with people with type 2 diabetes. These symptoms include but are not limited to: fatigue, unquenchable thirst, frequent urination, blurred vision, and numbness.

Symptoms that are usually unique to type 2 diabetes are obesity, lower levels of blood glucose compared to type 1, and slower onset of symptoms overall. The slower onset of symptoms, combined with the obesity problem in children as well as adults, is making type 2 diabetes more common across all ages.

At "life with diabetes" we understand that diabetes is a very serious disease. We strive to provide you with valuable information and resources to help make living with type 2 diabetes easier and healthier.

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